The hallmarks of a narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) are grandiosity, a lack of empathy for other people, and a need for admiration. People with this condition are frequently described as arrogant, self-centered, manipulative, and demanding. They may also have grandiose fantasies and may be convinced that they deserve special treatment. These characteristics typically begin in early adulthood and must be consistently evident in multiple contexts, such as at work and in relationships.
People with NPD often try to associate with other people they believe are unique or gifted in some way, which can enhance their own self-esteem. They tend to seek excessive admiration and attention and have difficulty tolerating criticism or defeat.
- Grandiose sense of self-importance.
- Lives in a phantasy world that supports their delusions of grandeur.
- Needs constant praise and admiration.
- Sense of entitlement.
- Exploits others without quilt or shame.
- Lacks empathy for others.
- Frequently demeans, intimidates, bullies, or belittles others.
- They are charismatic and charming.
- Envy of others or the belief that they are the object of envy.
- They believe they are always victimized by others.
- Extremely vindictive and not only lashes out but also persecutes with all available means perceived enemies.
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